Understanding IPRS

Understanding IPRS

The Indian Performing Rights Society (IPRS) is the Collective Management Organization for literary and musical works, representing lyricists, composers and music publishers.

IPRS administers, in addition to the performing right, the mechanical and the synchronization rights of its author and composer members. In other words, it has the right to collect the author's and composer's share even when the publisher is not a member of IPRS.

IPRS licenses the "performing right" and the reproduction or "mechanical right".

Key terminologies at IPRS and other CMO's and how it affects your royalty collection


IPI stands for Interested Party Information.

An IPI number (referred to as a CAE number in the past) is a unique international identification number assigned to authors, composers and publishers by IPRS to uniquely identify them as rights holders. (The original CAE is still in use; it stands for Auteur-Compositeur-Editeur, reflecting the French origin of CMOs.)


ISWC (International Standard Musical Work Code) is a unique, permanent and internationally recognized ISO reference number for the identification of musical works.

The global registry of ISWC codes is maintained by the Swiss CMO, SUISA.

One of the biggest topics of discussion in the music industry concerns accurate metadata to guarantee that the appropriate (IPI) interested parties get paid.

ISWCs and ISRCs are two key pieces in the conversation, both assisting the process of cataloging music.

Once your work is registered with IPRS, the Society will generate the ISWC.


Every master (sound recording) or music video that you release needs an ISRC (International Standard Recording Code), which will be its unique international identifier. This ISRC is linked to that particular master, even if you use that master in a compilation. A different ISRC must be issued only when you modify the master, by editing it or remixing it. In India, the Indian Music Industry is the agency authorized to issue your ISRC Registrant Code.


A UPC (Universal Product Code or Barcode) represents the entire digital product (album, EP or single), as opposed to just an individual digital track. Manufacturer's UPC codes are typically found on the back of the sound recording's physical packaging, and are used by brick and mortar retailers and online outlets to gather and track sales information for the entire product. Most digital distributors can generate a UPC on their own for their clients.